Typically, we work to a maximum of 1250 X 1000, and 1000 Ø. This is not an absolute.
In order to determine the maximum size permitted on the market as a certified product, the test standards are the critical document. The test standards are EN 1366-1 and EN 1366-8 and EN 1366-9. The standards contain the test sizes which a manufacturer is required to submit for testing as evidence of the duct’s performance. There are two different tests for EN 1366-1, a type A and a type B. Both have different duct sizes for testing.
Under EN 1366-1, we submit for Type A testing a duct measuring 1000 X 500. For a Type B test, the size is 1000 X 250. There are specifications contained in the standard for the length of ducts, inside and outside the furnace, the location of access doors, the flow rates and the pressure during tests.
In Table 7 of the test standard EN 1366-1, the sizes can be increased as follows.
Sizes of Ducts
A test result obtained for the standard sizes of duct A and duct B specified in tables 1 and 2 is applicable to all dimensions up to the size tested together with the increases given in the table below.
It is not possible to offer larger ducts under the test standard. The sizes are dimension specific and not area, in other words, we cannot offer 1400 X 400 within the understanding of an area calculation of 1250 X 1000.
A similar guidance is provided for round construction, allowing for an increase from the test specimen size to 1000 Ø.
What do I do if I need a different size that falls outside the scope of EN 1366-1?
Thankfully we have an extended field of application EN 15882-1. In this document, we are given clarification that covers changes in materials, thicknesses, pressures, uses and sizes. The document permits us to provide a certified product up to a maximum of 2500 X 1250. This greatly enhances the options for customers. To achieve certification, the standard EN 15882-1 requires a manufacturer to provide test evidence as to the performance of the ducts, submitting their maximum size for evidential testing. That means testing 2500 X 1250, both type A and type B, vertically and horizontally.
To achieve an acceptable result for the market, the construction will often be different, due to the stresses a hydrocarbon fire will create on surface areas of 2500 X 1250. Conducting such tests are often limited to a small number of very large furnaces in Europe, who have the experience of doing such large tests and conducting them safely.
Lindab Thor Duct has submitted a 2500 X 1250 duct to the necessary vertical and horizontal tests and achieved an EI rating of 90 minutes. This gives our clients the advantage of being able to size ducts within the range 1250X1000 – 2500 X 1250. One side may extend to 2500mm, however the other side must not exceed 1250mm. The sizes are not an area calculation, i.e. 3000 X 500 is not possible as a single duct.
Thor Duct XL
To specify a size greater than the standard 1250 X 1000, your specification should refer to Thor Duct XL. This will ensure that your client receives the correct product, and not an accidental size without appropriate testing. Always request access to the classification report to the standard EN 13501-3, which will validate the performance of the ductwork selected.
For smoke applications, the standard EN 15882-8 has not be harmonised. The reason is that EN 1366-8 tests are for smoke leakage, and the test measures oxygen levels at differing points of the test. This has been formulated for the standard 1000 X 250 test, but not for larger sizes. At this point in time, smoke ducts are not available above 1250 X 1000. The evidence from the extended field standard EN 15882-1 may be a basis for a qualified person to make a considered view.
The construction methods, and the hanging considerations, demonstrated in the tests must be replicated when being installed on site, to offer a compliant solution. A full install manual is available to trained installers from thorduct.com.